Iran, modern city of Shiraz, Odoric of Pordenone, Persepolis, Persepolitan architecture, the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire, the largest cedars of Lebanon trees, the largest cedars of teak trees, UNSECO World Heritage Site
Persepolis, Iran, was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire (ca. 550–330 BC). Persepolis is situated 70 km northeast of the modern city of Shiraz in the Fars Province of modern Iran. The earliest remains of Persepolis date from around 515 BCE. UNESCO declared the citadel of Persepolis a World Heritage Site in 1979.
Persepolitan architecture is noted for its use of wooden columns. Architects resorted to stone only when the largest cedars of Lebanon or teak trees of India did not fulfil the required sizes. Column bases and capitals were made of stone, even on wooden shafts, but the existence of wooden capitals is probable.